This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. Winter winds can remove moisture from leaves at a rapid rate, often resulting in dehydration and bronzing. Slow-growing boxwood. Culture. General Information Scientific name: Buxus sempervirensPronunciation: BUCK-sus sem-pur-VYE-renzCommon name(s): common boxwood, common box, American boxwoodFamily: BuxaceaePlant type: shrubUSDA hardiness zones: 6 through 8 (Fig. Does best with shade in extreme heat. Most of the landscapes in Arkansas focus on using hollies (Ilex) as the primary broadleaf evergreen but gardeners may want to take a look at boxwoods (Buxus) as an alternative. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Carefully remove heavy snow accumulations from plants as quickly as practicable to minimize stem/branch damage. evergreen; medium green foliage may turn yellow-green in winter depending on the cultivar. Best grown in evenly moist, well-drained loams (sand-clay mixture) in full sun to part shade. Easily shaped. See graphic below, canker blight and leaf spot, root rot, and mites, native to China, Japan and Korea; deer resistant; offensive odor; can be pruned heavily; root systems are near soil surface and should not be disturbed, Please view this page on a tablet or larger screen for the moisture graph. Plants will grow well in a variety of part-shade situations, including open sun-dappled conditions or light shade with several hours of morning sun or early afternoon sun. Foundations. Buxus Problems. japonica 'Gregem' This well-established, compact Boxwood is excellent as an accent, in borders and focal areas. Plants prefer soils with a pH of slightly acidic to slightly alkaline. japonica can tolerate full sun) Water: Soil: well-drained soil: USDA Zone: zones 6 - 9 : Care : Maintenance: roots need cool, moist conditions, so mulching around the root zone is a good idea avoid soil cultivation near plant to not damage shallow roots 2)Planting month for zone 7: year roundPlanting month for zone 8: year roundOrigin: not native to North AmericaUses: border; edging; foundation; superior hedge The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Slow growth, very dense upright form. The plant reaches a height and spread of three to four feet. Regular water needs once established. Depending on its location, its … Glossy dark green leaves that develop a slight bronze tinge in winter. Topiary. When grown in full sun, plant foliage is more likely to scorch, bronze in winter or suffer from mite attacks. Root rot can also be a problem in poorly-drained soils. Hedge. Genus name comes from the Latin name for plants in this genus.Specific epithet means small-leaved.Common name of boxwood is in reference to the prior use of the wood to make boxes. koreana x B. sempervirens hybrids - (Sheriden hybrids from Sheriden Nursery, Ontario, Canada) Possess cold hardiness of var. 2. ‘Argenteo-variegata’ has green leaves variegated with white. Does best with shade in extreme heat. Hardy, compact, evergreen shrub with glossy, dark green, oval foliage. An excellent evergreen shrub for small hedges. It is suggested that Buxus microphylla japonica might best be kept out of intense desert heat and alkaline soil though its success rate far exceeds that of the Buxus sempervirens (English Boxwood) in these challenging environments. Japonica Plant size: 5 - 8cm Pot size: 50mm Max growth: Grows to about 1.5m high and 1m wide Maintenance: These plants are low maintenance and hardy and prefer well mulched and well drained soil. Well-suited to pruning into formal shapes. Environmental Other: Can tolerate acid to alkaline soil (pH 5.0 to 8.0). Glossy, soft, green leaves are smaller than most Buxus varieties, and tend to be narrower in shape. Buxus microphylla 'Japonica' This Japanese native shrub is no stranger to the landscape, as it’s often the plant of choice for trimmed hedges, topiaries, and bonsai sculptures. Water and fertilizer improves all varieties. Ilex glabra - Leaves. Besides buxus cones and box tree balls, the tiny, dense leaves of buxus sempervirens mean you can shape your plant into all manner of shapes. Pruning too early in spring often promotes tender new growth that may be damaged or killed by a late spring frost. Buxus microphylla var. A natural, low-maintenance shrub maturing at 2 … Evergreen shrub. Buxus microphylla ‘Grejade’ PP26656 This very dwarf, fine-textured boxwood with dark green foliage is a garden essential for small gardens, borders, and containers. B. microphylla var. Plants may be propagated by cuttings. Fruit globose, 8 mm long, three-horned, dehiscent capsule. 4. ‘Bullata’ is a low shrub with dark green, blunt leaves. Leaves opposite, simple, elliptic to oblong, 12-25 mm long, about half as wide, obtuse or emarginate (notched) at apex, dark green above, light or yellowish green below, midvein below is cream to yellowish. There is a tendency to see more littleleaf boxwood (B. microphylla) in the Northwest corner of the state and more common boxwood (B. se… Retains its dark green foliage in the hottest summers, becoming bronze-tinged in cold weather. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. 1. ‘Angustifolia’ has the largest leaves and is treelike in habit. japonica 'Green Beauty' Sku #1395. There are many cultivars below are some of the best and most common. Korean Box – Buxus microphylla var. Use to define pathways or courtyard 5. ‘Handsworthiensis’ is a wide, strong-growing, upright shrub with d… No serious insect or disease problems. In Arkansas, we seem to have two flavors of boxwood and the choice of one over the other seems to be linked to geography. Buxus sempervirens - Buds. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Landscape Attributes. Ilex crenata - Leaves. It is best grown where the root zone can be mulched and left undisturbed. Very hardy variety. A slow-growing, dwarf, evergreen shrub with dense, glossy dark green foliage and a slightly weeping habit. are large shrubs or small trees commonly used in formal gardens and informal landscapes as accent, topiary, edging or specimen plants. The Japanese boxwood, Buxus microphylla var. Thin plants and remove dead/damaged branches annually to improve air circulation. Roots appreciate a good organic (e.g., bark or compost) mulch (1-2”). Japanese Boxwood is an evergreen shrub with a multiple branching habit – combined with the dense growth habit of the leaves it naturally forms a thick round form. Easily shaped. microphylla Korean Box tends to grow lower and wider, making it an ideal informal hedging plant. Native Range: Eurasia, tropical and southern Africa, Caribbean, and Central America. Botanical Name Buxus microphylla Common Name(s) Boxwood, Littleleaf boxwood, Japanese boxwood Light and Soil Requirement Full sun to part shade; evenly moist, well-drained loams Zones of Hardiness 6 to 9 Height & Width 3 to 5 feet tall, 3 to 5 feet wide Leaf Arrangement Opposite, simple rounded leaves to 1" long, are variable in… koreana and leaf color of sempervirens. Plants will grow well in a variety of part-shade situations, including open sun-dappled conditions or light shade with several hours of morning sun or early afternoon sun. Salt spray exacerbates winter damage on leaves. japonica, has become very popular because it is entirely hardy in zone 5, without burning. japonica, the tree height is usually 1-3 m, but it can reach up to about 4 m; in rare cases it grows to 10 m. The trunk is upright and about 10 cm thick, and the bark is grayish white to pale brown. Buxus microphylla japonica Japanese Boxwood. Buxus microphylla - Fruit. The small round leaves remain green throughout the winter. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. Moisture Tolerance: The small glossy oval leaves remain green throughout the winter. Japanese Boxwood has green foliage. This boxwood is best sited in locations sheltered from strong winds and full day winter sun. Buxus microphylla var. Buxus microphylla 'Faulkner' GLOBE Littleleaf Boxwood. Buxus microphylla NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. 1). Common Name: Korean Buxus, Korean Box or Korean Boxwood Botanical Name: Buxus microphylla var. More heat, humidity and … It is great for use in medium-sized hedges and is very tolerant of pruning or shearing. Green in summer, bronzes in cold winters. Features small dark green foliage and a dense branching habit. In the case of Buxus microphylla var. Magnolia grandiflora - Leaves, Flowers. Morris Midget Boxwood is a dense multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with a more or less rounded form. The bright green leaves are 10–25 millimetres (0.39–0.98 in) long, oval with a rounded or notched tip. Light: Part shade, Shade Hardy To Zone: 5b Soil Ph: Can tolerate acid to alkaline soil (pH 5.0 to 8.0) Environmental Other: evergreen; medium green foliage may turn yellow-green in winter depending on the cultivar. 3. ‘Aureo-variegata’ has green leaves variegated with yellow. Problems. Common Name: Japanese Buxus, Japanese Box or Japanese Boxwood Botanical Name: Buxus microphylla var. Genus Buxus can be evergreen shrubs or small trees, with simple, leathery, opposite leaves and clusters of small, pale yellow flowers followed by pale green to brown fruits Details 'Faulkner' is a dense, low, compact, spreading evergreen shrub with small, rounded, mid-green aromatic leaves Ilex x meserveae - Fruit. You’ll love its heat tolerance in the South! japonica 'Wintergreen' Wintergreen Boxwood ‘Wintergreen’ is a vigorous, winter-hardy cultivar that is ideal when a medium to large foundation plant is desired. Consistently moist, well-drained soil; Occasional periods of dry soil Another theory on common name is that boxwood describes the quadrangular (square box cross section) stems of young plants. : You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix – to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. 'Green Gem' - 2' by 2' mound or rounded ball 'Green Mountain' - wide oval form, upright 5' tall by 3' wide 'Green Mound' - … Salt spray exacerbates winter damage on leaves. Boxwoods (Buxus spp.) japonica NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Landscape Attributes. Environmental Characteristics. Pruning should never be done prior to the last spring frost date. Slow growth, dense round form. Avoid cultivating around plants because they have shallow roots. When you have taken the decision to shape your box plant into a particular form, make sure your first pruning session is a vigorous one, paying the proper attention to detail. Deer and drought tolerant. Specimen, mass or edging. Boxwoods can be somewhat temperamental plants to grow in the St. Louis area where the evergreen foliage tends to bronze (turn unattractive brownish-yellow) in harsh winters, particularly if plants are located in open areas where exposed to full sun and winter winds. Best grown in evenly moist, well-drained loams (sand-clay mixture) in full sun to part shade. Japanese Boxwood is a multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with an upright spreading habit of growth. Plants are generally tolerant of pruning and shearing as needed. Pieris japonica - Flowers. Buxus microphylla var. Ideal for low maintenance low hedges, borders, rockeries and pots. Creamy flowers, without petals, develop in leaf axils in spring, fragrant. Buxus microphylla var. Evergreen shrub. Some susceptibility to blights and leaf spot. Plants can grow in close to full shade, but typically are less vigorous and more open with decreased foliage density. Grows in full sun to partial shade and tolerates a wide range of soils, from mildly acidic to mildly alkaline (ie chalky), with good drainage essential. Prunus laurocerasus - Fruit. Buxus microphylla 'Grebor' This fine-textured Boxwood has dark green foliage and features a more horizontal branching habit. To do this well takes practice. Buxus microphylla var. The variety ‘Winter Gem’ is a selected form of the Japanese Boxwood introduced in 1982 by John Vermeulen & Son Inc., Regular water needs once established. Plants are susceptible to boxwood leafminer and boxwood mites, but are usually not affected by boxwood psyllid. It has a tendency to go yellow in full sun, so best grown in partial shade. roots require cool moist conditions; full sun or light/moderate shade; protect from drying winds and severe low temperatures, Soil Ph: microphylla Dwarf Japanese Box, Korean Box. Rhododendron catawbiense - Flowers. Moisture Tolerance: Consistently moist, well-drained soil; Occasional periods of dry soil Your browser does not support the audio element. Description. Buxus microphylla var. Buxus microphylla1 Edward F. Gilman2 Introduction Littleleaf Boxwood is a fine-textured evergreen that tolerates shearing exceptionally well and is commonly used as a border or hedge (Fig. Boxwoods can be somewhat temperamental plants to grow in the St. Louis area where the evergreen foliage tends to bronze (turn unattractive brownish-yellow) in harsh winters, particularly if plants are located in open areas where exposed to full sun and winter winds. Description. 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