Leporids including eastern cottontails are coprophagous, producing two types of fecal pellets, one of which is consumed. The nest is lined with grass and fur. provisioning. The lifespan of the Omilteme Cottontail has not ever been documented. [6] In Connecticut, important winter foods include gray birch (Betula populifolia), red maple, and smooth sumac (Rhus glabra). A high-coverage genome of the bowhead whale (Balaena mysticetus), the longest-lived mammal. This fact sheet explains the charac-teristics of the cottontail and procedures for managing the species. There is a rusty patch on the tail. [11][19] Populations in western Oregon breed from late January to early September. Regarding predators , it’s a hard-knock life for a cottontail. No Comments . Eastern cottontails typically inhabit one home range throughout their lifetime, but home range shifts in response to vegetation changes and weather are common. Nearly every predator in a given environment will happily make a meal of one, including snakes, raptors (hawks, owls, etc. )-juniper (Juniperus spp.) ), and snakes. Wild mammals of North America. Average depth of nest holes is 5 in (13 cm), average width 5 in (13 cm), and average length 7 in (18 cm). Predators. And female rabbits can get pregnant again almost immediately after giving birth. [3], Predators that take nestlings include raccoon, badger (Taxidea taxus), skunks (Mephitis and Spilogale spp. ), quackgrass (Elytrigia repens), crabgrasses, redtop (Agrostis alba), ragweed (Ambrosia psilostachya), goldenrods (Solidago spp. Lifespan: The average lifespan of the Eastern Cottontail is 15 months in the wild. Although distinct species, all are commonly referred to as “cottontails”. Mortality rates and lifespans for New England cottontails are probably similar. Their potential lifespan is 10 years, but most do not survive their second year. [11] Eastern cottontail young are born with a very fine coat of hair and are blind. [8], Eastern cottontails forage in open areas and use brush piles, stone walls with shrubs around them, herbaceous and shrubby plants, and burrows or dens for escape cover, shelter, and resting cover. They have excellent vision, hearing and sense of smell. Cottontails: Sylvilagus floridanus and allies. The young are weaned w… S. nuttallii – Mountain cottontail. Pennsylvania's cottontail rabbit population was relatively small prior to European settlement, when forests covered much of … ), Chapman, Joseph A.; Hockman, J. Gregory; Edwards, William R. 1982. The cottontail is a favorite food of many predators. The upperparts vary from reddish to grayish brown sprinkled with black; when fluffed, the fur of the rump is grayish. [9] The average period of gestation is 28 days, ranging from 25 to 35 days. (407 - 423 mm) . Gestation: 28-30 days. [11][19] In New England female eastern cottontails have three or four litters per year. Eastern cottontail rabbits can have between one and seven litters each year, and they average three or four litters annually, Animal Diversity Web reports. Most active at dusk and dawn; they often remain hidden during the day. Japanese hare. The winter diet includes small grains, as well as twigs, bark, and buds of shrubs and trees. They are also found in swamps and marshes and usually avoid dense woods. In the wild they do not survive for more than 2 years. The only mammal in Illinois that might be confused with the cottontail is the Swamp Rabbit (Sylvilagus aquaticus). Each litter can contain between one and 12 babies, with the average being five. Woody cover is extremely important for the survival and abundance of eastern cottontails. The cottontail prefers an area where it can hide quickly but be out in the open. Eastern Cottontail rabbits are named for their tail, which looks like a whit puff of cotton when raised. The eastern cottontail is found in a variety of habitats including old fields, brushy clearings, brier patches, hedgerows, orchards, and along the edges of woodlands. Its underside fur is white. Eastern cottontails rabbits eat almost exclusively vegetation; Some studies show that are as many as 70 to 145 plant species in their local diets. Identification. ), coyote (C. latrans), bobcat (Lynx rufus), weasels (Mustela spp. That means to say that they have a short-lived life. Hawks, owls, weasels and red foxes all prey on cottontails. Hopefully, the above information has shed more light on this interesting fauna of the American grasslands. Their potential lifespan is 10 years, but most do not survive their second year. It may use the dens of groundhogs as a temporary home or during heavy snow. The Eastern cottontail is the most common rabbit species in North America. Male rabbits of any species tend to be smaller than females and have blockier heads. 121–128 in: Wood, Gene W. Software for ageing research, including the Ageing Research Computational Tools (ARCT) perl toolkit. Special Report 19. (26 - 47 mm) . A curated database of ageing and life history information in animals, including extensive longevity records. General Cottontail Rabbit Facts . What do they look like? The average life span of an eastern cottontail in the wild is usually less than three years. Life Span and Reproduction The average life span of an eastern cottontail in the wild is usually less than three years. [13] In the South, female eastern cottontails have more litters per year (up to seven) but fewer young per litter. [7] Habitat parameters important for eastern cottontails in ponderosa pine, mixed species, and pinyon (Pinus spp. One captive specimen lived 8.4 years at Tulsa Zoo [0671]. Database of human genes associated with cellular senescence. A curated database of candidate human ageing-related genes and genes associated with longevity and/or ageing in model organisms. Lifespan. The largest ranges are occupied by adult males during the breeding season. Their eyes begin to open by four to seven days. [11], Eastern cottontails are hosts to fleas, ticks, lice, cestodes, nematodes, trematodes, gray flesh fly larvae, botfly larvae, tularemia, shopes fibroma, torticollis, and cutaneous streptothricosis. In Pennsylvania, the chief predator of eastern cottontails is the great horned owl. It has also been introduced into parts of Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia. Mostly nocturnal and nearly always lives alone. 35–43 in: Nowak, Ronald M.; Paradiso, John L. (1983). provisioning. The lifespan of a cottontail averages about two years, depending on the location. Swamp rabbits are similar in appearance to the cottontail but are larger and have darker, reddish-brown fur. Sylvilagus floridanus – Eastern cottontail (widest distribution) S. audubonii – Audobon’s cottontail. [3] In winter when deciduous plants are bare eastern cottontails forage in less secure cover and travel greater distances. • The life expectancy of a cottontail is between one and two years in the wild and the same as a Rehabilitation and Release of the Eastern Cottontail 3 domestic rabbit in captivity (5-10 years). It usually inhabits fields, meadows, swamps, deserts, prairies and farms (where it can produce significant damage). John L. ( 1983 ) 's pelage is more gray than brown and farms ( where can... Average three to four litters per year tend to be smaller than and. Pellets, one of which is consumed in India, dates back 53 million to! Is estimated at 20 % squirrel is a herbivore, and are a part of the grasslands... Is two years, but most do not survive their second year long! 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[ 22 ] to 145 plant species in local diets captivity ( Austad... And was very similar to those of today, but this is true regardless of the most rabbit.

eastern cottontail lifespan

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