Scientific Name: Crocodylus moreletii Common Names: Morelet’s Crocodile, Belize Crocodile Maximum adult length: 3 metres (9.8 feet) N.B. Their hides are tanned and used to make leather goods such as shoes and handbags; crocodile meat is also considered a delicacy. They have an egg-tooth at the tip of their snouts, which is developed from the skin, and that helps them pierce out of the shell. The animal’s trademark, and the reason for its name, is its long, slender snout. Crocodile leather can be made into goods such as wallets, briefcases, purses, handbags, belts, hats, and shoes. The most obvious external differences are visible in the head, with crocodiles having narrower and longer heads, with a more V-shaped than a U-shaped snout compared to alligators and caimans. It has a dark greyish-brown colour and is found in mostly various, A large and aggressive species with a broad snout, especially in older animals. C. porosus is estimated to live around 70 years on average, with limited evidence of some individuals exceeding 100 years. "Crocodilian Biology Database FAQ, "How fast can a crocodile run? [1] Crocodiles have more webbing on the toes of the hind feet and can better tolerate saltwater due to specialized salt glands for filtering out salt, which are present, but non-functioning, in alligators. Crocodile, any of 23 species of generally large, ponderous, amphibious animals of lizard-like appearance and carnivorous habit belonging to the reptile order Crocodylia. Britton, Adam (n.d.). It is found in suitable habitats from Northern Australia through Southeast Asia to the eastern coast of India. Vladimir Dinets of the University of Tennessee, observed that crocodiles use twigs as bait for birds looking for nesting material. The binomial name Crocodylus niloticus is derived from the Greek κρόκη, kroke ("pebble"), δρῖλος, drilos ("worm"), referring to its rough skin; and niloticus, meaning "from the Nile River".The Nile crocodile is called tanin ha-yeor in Hebrew, timsah al-nil in Arabic, mamba in Swahili, garwe in Shona, ngwenya in Ndebele, ngwena in Venda, and kwena in Sotho and Tswana. The scientific name of freshwater crocodile is Crocodylus johnsoni, The scientific name of Nile crocodile is Crocodylus niloticus, The scientific name of American crocodile is Crocodylus acutus, The scientific name of saltwater crocodile is Crocodylus porosus, The scientific name of Philippine crocodile is Crocodylus mindorensis, The scientific name of Indian crocodile is Crocodylus palustris, Your email address will not be published. Dwarf Crocodile Fun Fact: Digs burrows in river banks to rest! Crocodiles mostly eat fish, amphibians, crustaceans, molluscs, birds, reptiles, and mammals, and they occasionally cannibalize smaller crocodiles. [21] Crocodiles have smooth skin on their bellies and sides, while their dorsal surfaces are armoured with large osteoderms. [110] The two animals are now used as the city's symbol, with the two facing and circling each other, as depicted in a statue appropriately located near the entrance to the city zoo (see photo on the Surabaya page). Their narrow snout is triangular in shape, and the fourth tooth on both sides of the lower jaw is visible when the mouth is closed. 1 Appearance 2 Behaviour 2.1 Diet: 2.2 Lifespan 3 Gallery 4 Facts Saltwater crocodiles are the largest extant riparian predators in the world. Many large crocodilians swallow stones (called gastroliths or stomach stones), which may act as ballast to balance their bodies or assist in crushing food,[20] similar to grit ingested by birds. True Crocodiles belong to the family Crocodylus, which has 3 genera and 14 species. West-African crocodiles are reptiles with long and scaly bodies, short limbs and long powerful muscular tails. Saltwater crocodiles are the largest extant riparian predators in the world. [23], At the time of hatching, the young start calling within the eggs. The Philippine crocodile (Crocodylus mindorensis), also known as the Mindoro crocodile, the Philippine freshwater crocodile, the bukarot in Ilocano, and more generally as a buwaya in most Filipino lowland cultures, is one of two species of crocodiles found in the Philippines; the other is the larger saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus). The species is surviving from the age of the dinosaurs to the modern times. "How long do crocodiles live for? The term crocodile here applies to only the species within the subfamily of Crocodylinae. They can easily digest bones, hooves and horns. The coloration is pale yellow with black stripes when young but dark greenish-drab coloured as adults. A crocodile is any species belonging to the family Crocodylidae (sometimes classified instead as the subfamily Crocodylinae). Behavioural and olfactometer experiments indicate that crocodiles detect both air-borne and water-soluble chemicals and use their olfactory system for hunting. hope it helped !!! [69] Crocworld Conservation Centre, in Scottburgh, South Africa, claims to have a male Nile crocodile that was born in 1900. [101][102][103] Also in India, in Goa, crocodile worship is practised, including the annual Mannge Thapnee ceremony. Another possibility is that they are secretory, as they produce an oily substance which appears to flush mud off.[20]. The crocodiles are the members of the reptiles’ category. Guinness Book of World Records. Nile Crocodile Facts: At A Glance. Scientific Name: Crocodylus niloticus Young Nile crocodiles are more colorful than adults. When the birds swooped in to get the sticks, the crocodiles then catch the birds. When it has caught and eaten that prey, it closes its right aortic arch and uses its left aortic arch to flush blood loaded with carbon dioxide from its muscles directly to its stomach; the resulting excess acidity in its blood supply makes it much easier for the stomach lining to secrete more stomach acid to quickly dissolve bulks of swallowed prey flesh and bone. The word "crocodile" comes from the Ancient Greek κροκόδιλος (crocodilos), "lizard", used in the phrase ho krokódilos tou potamoú, "the lizard of the (Nile) river". Despite their prehistoric look, crocodiles are among the more biologically complex reptiles. Binomial name. Nile Crocodile - Name: Nile Crocodile, Scientific Name: Crocodylus niloticus, Continent: Africa, Mass: 500 – 1,200 lbs, Length: Male: 14 ft. Lives in, A freshwater species of crocodile that has been considered a synonym of the, It is a small but extremely aggressive species of crocodile that prefers. Closely related to other crocodilians including alligators, caimans, and gharials, crocodiles have changed very little in an evolutionary sense in 200 million years. [44] This makes it possible for crocodiles to detect prey, danger and intruders, even in total darkness. The term is sometimes used even more loosely to include all extant members of the order Crocodilia, which includes the alligators and caimans (family Alligatoridae), the gharial and false gharial (family Gavialidae), and all other living and fossil Crocodylomorpha. In this article, we shall focus on the family Crocodylidae and their characteristics. Crocodiles can thus be subdued for study or transport by taping their jaws or holding their jaws shut with large rubber bands cut from automobile inner tubes. [107] In fact, crocodiles can and do generate tears, but they do not actually cry. The gharial, with its narrow snout, is easier to distinguish, while morphological differences are more difficult to spot in crocodiles and alligators. [80] However, even with a sophisticated parental nurturing, young crocodiles have a very high mortality rate due to their vulnerability to predation. [26], The largest crocodile ever held in captivity is a saltwater–Siamese hybrid named Yai (Thai: ใหญ่, meaning big; born 10 June 1972) at the Samutprakarn Crocodile Farm and Zoo, Thailand. Salt glands are dysfunctional in Alligatoridae. Prefers slow moving, The largest living reptile and most aggressive of all crocodiles. Scientific Classification Common Name Nile crocodile Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Reptilia Order Crocodylia Family Crocodylidae Genus Species Crocodylus (crocodile) niloticus (belonging to the Nile River) Fast Facts ... A crocodile's ectothermic metabolism is extremely efficient. [76] Females are highly protective of their nests and young. [94] Cuts of meat include backstrap and tail fillet. All crocodiles are semiaquatic and tend to congregate in freshwater habitats such as rivers, lakes, wetlands and sometimes in brackish water and saltwater. Crocodiles have very good night vision, and are mostly nocturnal hunters. It is the medium-sized crocodile that mostly inhabits freshwater ponds, … Crocodiles do not have sweat glands and release heat through their mouths. A temperature of 32 to 33 °C (90 to 91 °F) gives mostly males whereas above 33 °C (91 °F) in some species continues to give males, but in other species resulting in females, which are sometimes called high-temperature females. However, this is an advantage rather than a disadvantage to the crocodile since the properties of the teeth allow it to hold onto prey with the least possibility of the prey animal escaping. [35] Four species of freshwater crocodile climb trees to bask in areas lacking a shoreline.[36]. There are 13 species of crocodiles, so there are many different sizes of crocodile. It has a dark bronze coloration and darkens as the animal matures. bonakspinas bonakspinas Answer: crocodynilae is the scientific name of crocodile. The animal’s trademark, and the reason for its name, is its long, slender snout. [43], Crocodiles can hear well; their tympanic membranes are concealed by flat flaps that may be raised or lowered by muscles. Crocodylus is a genus in the family Crocodylidae.The scientific name was proposed by Josephus Nicolaus Laurenti in 1768. [92] Crocodiles were eaten by Vietnamese while they were taboo and off limits for Chinese. 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The American crocodile is lizard-shaped with a long, muscular tail and four short legs that have five toes on the front feet and four on the back feet. It includes the living genus Osteolaemus as well as the extinct species Voay robustus and Rimasuchus lloydi. [33], Crocodilians are more closely related to birds and dinosaurs than to most animals classified as reptiles, the three families being included in the group Archosauria ('ruling reptiles'). Mating always takes place in water, where the pair can be observed mating several times. It was said that the two powerful animals agreed for a truce and set boundaries; that the shark's domain would be in the sea while the crocodile's domain would be on the land. It has been proposed that the flattening of the sensory organ in hyperosmotic sea water is sensed by the animal as "touch", but interpreted as chemical information about its surroundings. IUCN Red List Status Vulnerable. : Federal Register, vol. [98][100], Crocodiles appear in different forms in Hinduism. This species clearly displays all of these behaviours. However, they have many similarities in these areas as well. Play with objects is reported most often, but locomotor play such as repeatedly sliding down slopes, and social play such as riding on the backs of other crocodiles is also reported. A hole nest is usually excavated in sand and a mound nest is usually constructed out of vegetation. In hunting larger prey, crocodiles swarm in, with one holding the prey down as the others rip it apart. No. The Crocodilians American Crocodile (Crocodylus acutus)Spectacled Caiman (Caiman crocodilus) Crocodiles are among the most frightening creatures in the rainforest. Reptile, any member of the class Reptilia, the group of air-breathing vertebrates that have internal fertilization, amniotic development, and epidermal scales covering part or all of their body. Beard growth in humans is limited to men. Exceptionally large specimens can be found in all species of crocodilian. It is the smallest of all living crocodiles. Males can grow up to 3 metres (9.8 ft) long and females up to 2.1 metres (6.9 ft), however the average size of these crocodiles is about 1.5 metres long. The other extant genus, Osteolaemus, is monotypic (as is Mecistops, if recognized). They have powerful jaws, many conical teeth, and short legs. The word "crocodile" comes from the Ancient Greek κροκόδιλος (crocodilos), "lizard", used in the phrase ho krokódilos tou potamoú, "the lizard of the (Nile) river". [46], Crocodiles are ambush predators, waiting for fish or land animals to come close, then rushing out to attack. Lives in, This is a relatively small species with a rather broader snout. scientific name of bear is Ursidae. Crocodilus porosus was the scientific name proposed by Johann Gottlob Theaenus Schneider who described a zoological specimen in 1801. According to a 2015 study, crocodiles engage in all three main types of play behaviour recorded in animals: locomotor play, play with objects and social play. Habitat-Where do saltwater crocodiles live? When contact between the integument and the surrounding sea water solution is blocked, crocodiles are found to lose their ability to discriminate salinities. The palate has a special path from the nostril to the glottis that bypasses the mouth.

crocodile scientific name

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